Sperm Donation in Canada
In Canada a sperm donor is either a known donor (where the donor is known to the recipient) or an anonymous donor. An anonymous sperm donor is where the identity of the donor is not known to the recipient but details will legally be made available for later access by the offspring once they reach 18 years of age.
Who can become a known sperm donor?
Becoming a sperm donor can be one of the most generous acts a man can make. One in five couples in Canada have difficulty conceiving a child. A large proportion of these couples experience male factor infertility and need the help of a donor to achieve their dream of a family. In addition, single women and women in same sex relationships also require donor sperm to achieve pregnancy and a child.
There are varying levels of being a known donor. It is for you and your match to agree how much involvement you would like in the child’s life. Involvement can range from a co-parenting agreement where you may have access rights that mean you have the child one weekend a month plus holidays or even popping in to the see the child on a weekly basis if you live locally to your match.
Other known donors like to be seen as an Uncle figure meaning the child may or may not know you as dad but you would be known to the child and involved somewhat in their upbringing.
Considerations should be made with the child’s best interest at heart so it is important to decide early on the level of involvement in order to provide consistency for the child.
Remember as a known donor you carry full parental financial responsibilities.